How much do you know about a Persian wedding? Basics sofreh aghd The word “sofreh” means “spread” and “aghd” means “ceremony”.Basically it is the arrangement of the table where different elements with certain meanings will have a Ayeneh (mirror) It represents bringing light and shine into the future for the married couple. Traditionally, the couple looks in the mirror together.
Shamdoon (candles / candelabra) Symbolize energy and clarity in the couple’s life together.Khoncheh (Assortment of seven symbolic herbs and spices) An assortment of herbs and spices are placed in the spread to protect against the evil eye. The seven herbs and spices are: “khash-khaash” poppy seeds, “arenj” wild rice, angelica “sabzi Khoshk”, “namak” salt, Nigella “raziyaneh” seeds, “chai” black tea and incense “kondor” .
Noon-e Sangak (Persian Flatbread) A decorative flatbread display “from noon-eh-sangak” symbolizes prosperity for the holidays and the life of the couple together. It can be accompanied with feta cheese (“noon-o-Panir”) and fresh herbs. Tokmeh Morgh (eggs) Represent the fertility of the couple.
Badoom, Gandom, or Gerdoo (almond, walnut, hazelnut +) || They also symbolize fertility and abundance.Meeveh (Seasonal fruits) Usually pomegranates and apples. They represent a happy future.
Shahkheh NABAT (Rock candy) Prettified to symbolize a sugary life for the newlyweds.
Sekkeh (coins) They are place in the spread sofreh to represent wealth and prosperity for the couple.
Asal (Honey) They are consumed directly as the ceremony will conclude. The hands of the bride and groom exchange (usually with the little finger) dipped in the honey and shared the hand outside to represent the sweetness of the couple’s life.
Golab (rose water) It is used to perfume the air.
Choice holy book (Quran, Bible, Torah, or an Iranian poetry book like Hafez) Placed in the AGHD sofreh to symbolize God’s blessing for the couple. The book is usually opened from the middle and placed in the spread in front of the couple as a symbol of faith.
Shirini (Sweets and cakes)They are placed in the AGHD sofreh and are to be shared with the guests after the ceremony concludes. Shirini symbolizes the sweetness of life.
Tureh ghand (sugar cloth)A fine fabric that was held over the couple’s head during the ceremony by several happily married family women and friends.
Kalleh ghand (sugar cones)It is used during the ceremony on the couple’s head. Happily married rubbing the sugar cones over the “cloth of ghand” while gently holding onto the couple’s head to shower their life and marriage.
Esfand (wild rue) It is an herb that is burned as part of a ritual (in the charcoal brazier) and is a tradition for purification. It does not always have to be burned and can be used as a decorative display.
Suzan Nakh (needle and thread) It symbolizes the ritual of two people becoming one. It symbolizes two families becoming one.
Manghal (To charcoal brazier)It is used to burn wild rue (esphand) to ward off negativity and nothing wrong.
Traditional Persian embroidered fabric (Termeh) A traditional Persian silk or embroidered fabric passed down from generation to generation to symbolize family and tradition. It is used as a decorative screen with the rest of the traditional elements.
Sofreh Overlay (ceremonial cloth) It is the extension used under all the traditional Sofreh elements.
Mokhaddeh (bride and groom seats) Usually stool or some kind of seat cushion for the bride + groom to sit during the ceremony exchange.